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Titelbild Forschungsstelle Rutschungen e.V.

Basics

1. Causes:

  • Geological formation
  • Human influences
  • Climatic influences
  • Hydrogeological influences
  • Vegetation
  • Vibrations
  • Time factor

2. Typology of mass movements:

  • Falling
  • Toppling
  • Flowing
  • Spreading
  • Flowing

3. Classification of gravitational mass movements:

  • Rockfall
  • Valley thrust and mountain splitting
  • Block movements
  • Outcrop bending
  • Landslides
  • Soil creeping and talus creeping
  • Solifluction

4. Classification of mass transportation:

  • Mud flow and debris flow
  • Bedding flow

5. Identification of landslides:

  • Land formation
  • Bent growth of trees
  • Freshly peeled off rock material
  • Wet spots
  • Damage to roads and buildings

6. Investigation of landslides:

  • Geological investigations
  • Geotechnical investigations
  • Geodetic measurements
  • Aerial-photograph interpretation
  • et al.

7. Protection and stabilization measurements:

  • Removing of rocks
  • Slope protection with steelgrids
  • Protection with steel belt
  • Anchoring and nailing
  • Retaining wall
  • Rockfall devices
  • Measurement devices
  • et al.